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CASE REPORT
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117-120

The plasma cell gingival enlargement: The diagnostic and esthetic concerns


1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India
3 Department Of Periodontics, National Dental College, Dera Bassi., Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Sangeeta Dhir
Department Of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, Haryana - 121002
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-6944.106467

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Being a rare benign condition of the gingiva, PCG is characterized with erythematous and edematous gingivitis. The biologic phenomenon of the hypersensitive reaction appears to be chief etiology behind this occasionally presenting clinical entity. Plasma cell gingivitis has a close resemblance to discoid lupus, lichen planus, cicatricial pemphigoid or leukemia , and HIV gingivitis.It is known to present as a hypersensitive response to allergen, but sometimes it could present as a clinical entity with unknown etiology. The histological picture comprises of a dense infiltration of plasma cells separated with strands of collagen. Plasma cell gingivitis is a rare benign condition of the gingiva, which is marked with dense infiltration of the plasma cells separated with the strands of the collagen. The biologic phenomenon of the hypersensitive reaction appears to be chief etiology behind this occasionally presenting clinical entity. Plasma cell gingivitis has a close resemblance to discoid lupus, lichen planus, cicatricial pemphigoid or leukemia, and HIV gingivitis. We document herea case report of this clinical situation with an unusual gingival enlargement.


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